When George Orwell was writing “Animal Farm,” he wasn’t thinking of Thailand.
The book was meant to be a satire of the Russian Revolution in 1917 and through the Stalinist Era of the Soviet Union But while history has a context specific to each nation and people, the theme of greed and hypocrisy is one and the same across humanity.
Hence, one may apply “Animal Farm” to Thailand’s 1932 Siamese Revolution by Khana Rasadorn and our historical path through to the present day.
In Animal Farm, there are two pigs, Snowball and Napoleon.
The two pigs lead a group of farm animals to rebel against their human farmer. Why? They want freedom, happiness and equality. They think they can create such a society. They write the Seven Commandments, the Constitution.
- Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
- Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
- No animal shall wear clothes.
- No animal shall sleep in a bed.
- No animal shall drink alcohol.
- No animal shall kill any other animal.
- All animals are equal.
Turns out, they are wrong. Greed for power takes over. The Seven Commandments are betrayed. Instead, they merely replace the human dictatorship with an animal dictatorship.
Khana Rasadorn consisted of the civilian faction and the military faction.
The pig Snowball was the civilian faction. The pig Napoleon was the military faction.
After the success of the revolution, a long power struggle ensued, resulting in Snowball being chased out of the country, while Napoleon became dictator.
Fast forward to the present day.
Napoleon is the dictator. He takes over power and tricks the animals into thinking that this is the right thing to do. He rewrites the Seven Commandments.
Squealer is the propaganda pig. His job is to brainwash the animals by twisting the truth and by using false rhetoric in order for Napoleon to do whatever he wants and gets away with it.
Napoleon raises nine attack dogs. Their job is to bark at and bite everyone that dares question Napoleon’s rule. They perhaps are a notorious pair of MPs. Perhaps, Sylvester Stallone’s second best movie character. Perhaps, celebrities.
Clover is the female cart-horse, naive and kind. Every time the top pigs lie, betray and violate the Seven Commandments, she tells herself that she must have remembered the commandments wrong.
Yesterday Clover read, “All Thais are equal.”
Today Clover reads, “All Thais are equal, but some Thais are more equal than others.”
Clover blames herself for not reading the entire sentence yesterday.
Molly is the shallow mare. She loves pretty things. All she wants is to just be beautiful and fashionable and have lots of “like” clicks and followers. She misses the human farmer, because she loves being petted by the human farmer. It makes her feel superior to other animals.
She doesn’t care much about the pigs, but willing to go along with whatever, as long as she can prance around looking pretty.
Boxer is the male-carthorse, hard-working and strong. He’s good at heart and noble in his intentions. He is also blindly loyal and doesn’t know how to think independently. His two mottos are:
“I will work harder.”
“The general is always right.”